Those who are new to cannabis may be unaware that there are two primary strains of the marijuana plant – sativa and Indica – however, there are many differences between the two. These differences are not only in their appearance or the way that they grow, but also in the effect that they produce on the body when consumed. Marijuana is one of the world’s oldest crops, its cultivation dating back over 6000 years. Although sativa was discovered and named first, in 1753, Indica’s discovery came hot on its heels in 1783.
Indicas are often chosen as the plants of choice by growers who cultivate their crop indoors since they do not tend to grow to a great height. They also grow quite quickly, flowering within 8-12 weeks, meaning that cannabis farmers and cultivators can see rapid results.
Cannabis Indica plants produce dense and sticky nugs which grow around the plant nodes in clusters. They come in a range of smells and flavors including skunk, pine, hash, earth, or fruity flavors.
Indica strains commonly contain a terpene called alpha-pinene which is an organic compound that exists in sage and rosemary oils and in several pine tree species. Pinene is known to increase energy and mental focus, but it is also useful as an antiseptic, bronchodilator and expectorant.
Sativa And Indica Strain Names
Indica vs Sativa High
Although sativas usually have an uplifting and euphoric effect on the body when consumed, Indicas are better known for their sedative effect, as well as their muscle relaxing and and pain-relieving properties. Indica strains have a similar effect to an analgesic. The reason for this is that Indica strains usually have a higher CBD (cannabidiol) level than sativas and this means that the effect they produce is concentrated more heavily in the legs and body. The Indica high that they produce is often called “being stoned” and is very different from the head high which people experience when they medicate with a sativa strain.
What Are The Medical Benefits Of Indica Strains?
Sufferers of conditions such as fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, lupus, insomnia and sleep apnea often find great benefits from the effects of Indica strain cannabis. People who are being treated with chemotherapy for cancer find Indica strains especially beneficial in relieving the nausea and pain which so often appear as side effects.
The Differences Between Indica and Sativa
When looking at a cannabis plant, there are some clear ways to determine whether you are looking at an Indica or sativa strain.
Indica strains have the following traits:
• The plants are short
• They are bushy and feature wide leaves
• Indica plants are usually darker in color
• They often have a purple hue
• Their buds are firm and densely packed
• Indica grows more rapidly
• Indica strains has a higher yield than sativas
• Indica strains are usually high in CBD and low in THC
Indica strains have several medicinal benefits including:
• Muscle relaxation
• Mental relaxation
• Decreased nausea
• Decreased acute pain
• Increased dopamine
• Increased appetite
• Better for use at night
Sativa strains have the following traits:
• The plants are tall and thin
• The leaves are narrow
• Sativas are a paler green than Indicas
• Sativas grow and mature more slowly
• Sativas require more light to grow
• The bunds often have an orange or red hue
• Sativas tend to have long, wispy hairs
• The buds are loosely packed
• Sativa strains generally have a lower level of CBD and a higher count of THC
Sativa strains offer several medicinal benefits including:
• Anti-anxiety properties
• Anti-depressant properties
• Decreased chronic pain
• Increased creativity and focus
• Increased serotonin
• Better for use during the day