Cannabis has been used for hundreds of years, it is also known as marijuana and weed. Cannabis is perhaps the most popular drug on the planet, that is used for both medicinal and recreational purposes.
With these health benefits and mental peace, they also play a very important role in the world’s economy. Cannabis businesses both legal and commercial are making a great economic impact on the economy.
In many countries, cannabis is allowed to obtain, possess, and consume safely. Marijuana also influences cultural, social, and political scenarios.
Many countries have legalized cannabis, and Canada is one of them. Since its legalization, the demand for cannabis in Canada is steadily increasing. However, the information related to cannabis out in the market is inconsistent and incomplete.
In this guide, we will explain all you need to know about marijuana or cannabis in Canada.
What is Weed?
Weed is another slang for cannabis or marijuana. It is also known as pot, bud, herb, dope, boom, 420, Mary Jane, Grass, Skunk, Spliff, Reefer, and more. It is often used as a recreational psychoactive drug, for certain medical conditions, as well as for religious and spiritual purposes.
Marijuana is a shattered, green-brown combination of dried flowers, stems, and leaves from the Cannabis sativa plant. A more potent form of marijuana, called hashish, looks like brown or black cakes. Besides these, Sinsemilla, hash oil, and other stronger forms of cannabis are also available.
The dried and cured flowers of the female cannabis plants are the most common form of prepared cannabis. The flowering parts of the plant contain the highest amounts of terpenes and cannabinoids – the most sought-after compounds of the plant for both medical and recreational use. Besides the basic drying and curing method of marijuana flowers to the sophisticated synthesis of manufacturing cannabis concentrate, there are also many different ways to get cannabis ready for use. From the basic drying and curing method of marijuana flowers to the sophisticated synthesis of manufacturing cannabis concentrate.
History of Cannabis
Cannabis has been used around the world for centuries from the places where primitive hunters and gatherers lived. For most of the part, they are used for medicinal and spiritual purposes. The Vikings and Medieval Germans used cannabis for relieving pain during childbirth and for toothaches.
According to some studies, the first recorded use of cannabis as medicine was by Emperor Shen Neng of China in 2,727 BCE. Germanic settlers brought the drug into Germany, and marijuana went from there to Britain during the 5th century with the Anglo-Saxon invasions.
Continuously, cannabis immigrated to different parts of the world, traveling through Africa, reaching South America in the 19th century, and then being transported northward, eventually to North America. Mexico emerged in the early 1900s as a major psychoactive strain cultivator, and cannabis wafted across the U.S. border.
Cannabis has been used for medicinal, recreational, or spiritual purposes.
History of Cannabis in Canada & Legalisation
Initially, it was thought that cannabis are used for cultural, medical, and textile purposes by the indigenous communities in Canada and also used as a cash crop for settlers long before Canada was officially a country. However, the first recorded experimental planting didn’t happen until 1606, The marijuana was planted in Nova Scotia by Louis Hebert in 1606. And thereafter Cannabis was cultivated by many for both recreational and medical purposes.
On March 22, 2018, Bill C-45, a type of cannabis was finally welcomed by the Government of Canada. It means that recreational marijuana in Canada is legal nationwide. Wherever you live or stay in Canada, you can legally buy, possess, use, and share 30 grams of cannabis. However, the smoking of cigarettes and cannabis is banned in indoor public areas, public transit facilities, and workplaces.
Also, Canadians can grow up to four plants per household (except in Quebec and Manitoba) and can use legally obtained cannabis to produce personal edibles at home.
In Canada, there are some regulations and guidelines for commercially produced edibles, vape pens, concentrates, beverages, oral sprays with higher potencies, and tinctures.
Whether you are purchasing it online or from the local store, it must bot be appealing to children and must be presented in a simple and child-resistant package. In cannabis edibles or beverages, Alcohol should not be added. Edibles and drinks have restrictions on caffeine, while extracts should not contain caffeine or nicotine at all. Buying cannabis edibles, beverages and concentrates will be limited to 10 mg THC per box or bottle.
Why Canadian Cannabis is Best?
There are now over 560 licensed cannabis stores across Canada where you can buy cannabis. The dried and cured flowers of the female cannabis plants are the most common type of prepared cannabis. The flowering parts are high in terpenes and cannabinoids – compounds of the plant for both medical and recreational use. Canadian growers use many ways to get cannabis ready for use from the basic drying and curing method of weed flowers to the sophisticated synthesis of manufacturing cannabis concentrate.
Also, Canadian weather is superior for growing cannabis. The cool falls in Canada make cannabis plants adaptable, while warm summer weather makes them grow tall. The availability of rich soil and enough rainfall helps in giving some potent pot. The bred passionate growers in Canada produce bigger quantities of the best marijuana. The quality of cannabis just keeps getting stronger as more varieties of strains and cannabis products are being sold in the market. Canada uses high-quality cannabis seeds to grow cannabis plants.
How to Analyze Different Phases of Cannabis Plant?
You don’t need any higher studies or a degree in botany to understand the basic terms of the cannabis plant from root to flower. The different parts of marijuana are fine fiery hair, little leaves, sugary crystal, and more. So, here is a quick guide to understanding the cannabis plant’s anatomy.
- Male vs Female
Cannabis plants are categorized into two types, male and female plants. Female plants are known for producing female flowers and seeds. The plant’s anatomy is different in both male and female plants. Male plants are less cannabinoid-rich (less THC content) compared to the female plant, the more superior sex. Although male plants are useful in the evolutionary role of the species and a great source of hemp fiber.
- Terminal bud
This refers to the part of a female cannabis plant which is also known as “cola”. Here flowers of the cannabis plant fuse at the plant stem’s tip. This is the part that you smoke. The side colas can be found between the fan leaves, growing along the length of the cannabis plant.
- Bud or Calyx
For the newbies and untrained eyes, cannabis buds look just like petals. The calyx is the bud. If you take a peek underneath the tiny leaves, you should be able to see tear-shaped knobs. These little nodules come in different shapes, colors, and sizes. When calyx is fertilized, forms a protective pocket that allows the seed to develop inside.
Trichomes are microscopic resin glands that are beautiful and translucent and cover the flowers with their crystal-like splendor. They are also incredibly rich in cannabinoids and seep aromatic oils called terpenes.
Pistils are very fine structures like ‘hairs’, they grow out of each side of the calyx. These delicate hairs are initially white but would transform into red, orange, and brown. These pistils are found only on female cannabis plants and they catch pollen from the “male” plant.
Types of Marijuana
The three main species of cannabis plants are Cannabis indica, Cannabis sativa, and Cannabis ruderalis. Besides these, there are several subspecies or strains under each. They can be differentiated by their origin, growth pattern, and appearance. Hybrid is also a part of these plants which are obtained from the cross-production between Sativa, Indica, and ruderalis. Each strain has its cannabinoid profile and therapeutic effect.
- Cannabis Indica
Indica strains are not very tall that’s the reason, they can be grown indoors or in a small area. Generally, their height is between three to six feet and they are bushy in appearance with round healthy leaves. They originated in the Central Asian Hindu-Kush region. Their flowering period is relatively short: seven to nine weeks. It is also said to be a more solid strain than Sativa in terms of its sedating effect and they are very popular amongst stoners.
Therapeutic Qualities of Indica Strain
- Relief from headaches and migraine
- Relaxes muscles
- Muscle spasms
- Cannabis Sativa
Cannabis Sativa is the most widely recognized of the three species and is the largest of the crops. They are very tall up to 15 feet. Its branches grow in the upward direction and are sparingly packed together. They are mostly found in equatorial regions like India, Thailand, Nigeria, Mexico, and Colombia. The flowering period generally takes quite a long time between 9 to 12 weeks. Sativa is the strain you use if you prefer to be up and active during the day as it boosts your energy levels and opens you up to new, creative, and fresh ideas.
Therapeutic Qualities of Sativa
- Relieve depression
- Mood Disorders
- Cannabis Ruderalis
It is also one of the primary marijuana strains, short in structure growing only 20 to 25 inches in height. This plant has thick foliage and is usually found thriving in cooler regions like Eastern Europe and Russia. This strain has low THC levels and because of this growers don’t show interest in growing it.
- Photoperiod Strains
Photoperiod strains are cannabis plants that bloom indoors under an established protocol of a 12-12 light-dark cycle to stimulate them to flower with longer dark phases.
The plant needs 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness to trigger flowering as well as extend its flowering phase. Each cannabis strain reacts differently to this day or night protocol.
- Hybrid Strains
Hybrid cannabis strains are very popular among cannabis lovers because they have the qualities and effects of both the Indica and Sativa strains. They are man-made and produced by altering the plants with specific kinds of features.
What Are Different Types of Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are organic chemical compounds that are naturally found in the cannabis plant. The potency of the cannabinoid system in the human body is a direct product of the endocannabinoids that our body produces naturally. Cannabinoids bind to the same cannabis receptors located throughout the human brain and body. The Endocannabinoid system controls a variety of highly critical body functions.
Cannabinoids directly impact our ability to feel pain, our mood, our memory, and our appetite. This is the special characteristic of cannabis cannabinoids to be able to communicate with the human body exactly as it interacts with itself, making them such an ideal treatment for a whole host of human diseases.
The most popular cannabinoids are THC, CBD, and CBN. All are psychoactive but their effectiveness varies. Let’s take a look at them.
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), is the most popular cannabis compound. THC stimulates the part of the brain that causes the release of dopamine, influences cognition, mood, and behavior, and is responsible for feeling ‘high’ that we experience after the cannabis products have been ingested. The higher the THC level or dosage, the higher the high that you feel.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, it is among the many cannabinoids, or compounds produced uniquely by the cannabis family. Unlike THC, CBD is not psychoactive. It has no strong effect on cognitive brain activity and does not cause the marijuana-associated ‘high’. CBD relaxes you and alleviates anxiety and pain while relieving arthritis, migraines, epilepsy, schizophrenia, muscle, and joint pain.
CBN is the short form of cannabinol and has psychoactive properties milder than THC. This cannabinoid comes from cannabigerolic acid and is created by an oxidation process that also involves THC. CBN gives the feeling of grogginess and promotes deep sleep as well as reduces sinus-induced pressure.
Different Characteristics of Weed
- Flavors of weed
Each cannabis plant has some unique characteristics like taste, smell, and cannabinoids. Before crossing genetic types, only 3 types of cannabis flavors are known fruity, earthy, and floral. Now at least 48 flavors of marijuana are being enjoyed.
The different flavors are fruity scent, coffee aroma, cheese aroma, woody taste, and the smell of jasmine, mint, pistachio, lavender, and tabasco.
- Smell of Marijuana
The weed’s smell depends on the strain type and its maturity. Immature plants tend to smell mild, almost delectable. The mature plants will have a stronger odor.
Also, the weather can influence the smell because of temperature changes, heat can intensifies the odor.
How does Cannabis Effect You Mentally and Physically?
When you ingest or inhale marijuana, the cannabinoids migrate from the lungs and are infused into the bloodstream, which rapidly spreads them throughout the body into the brain. People start to experience the effects immediately after taking it.
Some types of cannabis also impact our ability to feel pain, our memory, our mood, and our appetite. All three of these cannabinoids have psychoactive effects that can cause ‘high’ and people feel like:
- Altered perception of sound, color, and other sensations
- Altered Vision
- Loss of inhibition
- Spontaneous laughter
- Increase appetite
- Reduced balance and coordination
- Bloodshot eyes
If you consume weed in the form of edibles or beverages, these effects are somewhat slowed down because the drug must first pass through the digestive system. It usually takes at least 30 minutes to 1 hour to feel the effects. Also consuming cannabis delivers less THC into the bloodstream than smoking it, which causes the overdose because of the delayed effects.
Medical Benefits of Marijuana
Cannabis has biologically active substances in its leaves, flowers, buds, and extracts. The most powerful cannabinoids are THC and CBD, which impacts the brain. These substances are extracted through short path distillation and then enhanced for use. Cannabis can prove to be beneficial in certain health problems.
Cannabis can help in certain medical conditions are:
- Chronic pain relief
- Improves lung capacity
- Weight loss
- Lowers blood pressure
- Diabetes Prevention and stabilizing blood sugar level
- Improved blood circulation
- Regulates seizures
- Treats depression and anxiety
- Helps heal fractured bones
- Helps Treat PTSD symptoms
- Alleviates pain related to arthritis
- Reduces tremors associated with Parkinson’s disease
- Glaucoma Treatment
- Stalls Alzheimer’s progression
- Treats inflammatory bowel diseases
How To Consume Weed?
There are four different ways of ingesting marijuana, inhalation, oral, sublingual, and topical. Each way of using weed has specific characteristics that make it more or less preferable for certain consumers.
This is one of the most preferable and fastest ways of using marijuana. Most of the cannabinoids are directly passed into the bloodstream so the effect is instantaneous.
This is another way of consuming weed. Edibles, tinctures, oils, and capsules of weeds are consumed with this method. The effects are slower but the high lasts longer than inhalation.
In this method, consumers placed the marijuana under their tongues. They are available in sprays, lozenges, tinctures, and dissolvable strips.
It is applied to the skin and comes in the form of lotion, oils, bath salts, and salves. The cannabinoids enter the body through the skin and work for pain and inflammation reduction.
How To Grow Cannabis?
Growing recreational marijuana in Canada is legal, you can buy seeds legally to grow cannabis plants. So, if you are thinking of growing cannabis for personal use, you can. The process of growing cannabis is not that difficult. Here are the seven easy steps to grow weed.
First, choose the location where you want to grow your weed indoors or outdoors. If you grow indoors, you have more control than outdoors growing. So, select the option that is best for you.
Another thing that is required for growing cannabis plants is a grow light. So, before you opted to grow indoors or outdoors, you need to think about the light source. If it is a single plant, a place on your windowsill would be enough for the cannabis plant to thrive. Another option is LED lights. LEDs ensure that your plants do not receive too much light. They are also a good backup during rainy or cloudy days.
Step 3 (Nutrients and Medium)
You will also need the right nutrients and mediums that will help your cannabis plant grow and thrive during the different stages of its development.
Step 4 (Vegetative Stage)
When the leaves grow on your plants, it means, your plant has reached a vegetative state. During this stage, your plant would need more light as well as water. So, adjust both accordingly.
Step 5 (Flowering Stage)
Once flowers appear, they will eventually produce buds. At this stage, Cannabis plants are sensitive. Watch carefully for signs of trouble like the browning of leaves. This could mean problems with either lighting, nutrients, or watering.
When white, wispy hairs grow out of the buds, it tells that your plant is reaching maturity, and when these wisps change to amber it means they need to be harvested. For harvesting, just take a pair of scissors and clip the buds off from the branches and let them dry for 4 to 5 days.
Drying, Curing, and Storing Weed
The bud of the cannabis plant has power, vibrancy, and color. If it is not dried poorly or unevenly, the buds may develop mould, burn unevenly, and lose fragrance or flavor. Hang-drying is the easiest and most effective way of ensuring that it dries evenly and at an optimum pace. The drying duration depends on the environmental situation, the initial drying procedure generally takes three to seven days.
This is the eventual stage of the drying process which allows for a controlled breakdown of unused chlorophyll in the colas. This helps them to keep at normal temperature, which means neither too moist nor too dry. For curing the bud, keep it in a glass jar for about four to eight weeks. Open the jar and air the buds every two to three days in the last two weeks of curing. You should do the curing process every day so that moisture and air are properly balanced. This will help in conserving flavor and fragrance.
Storage helps in maintaining the chemical composition of the buds. The wrong storage method can result in cannabinoid degradation, destruction of terpenes, and loss of trichomes when the bud is brittle. Likewise, if there is too much moisture, oxygen, or even UV, mould or fungus can develop. Cannabis should be kept in a cool, dark place, preferably at or just slightly below room temperature.
Different Types of Cannabis Products
Now we talk about cannabis that is made by using buds.
- Cannabis Concentrates
They are made by extracting the THC and other beneficial compounds from the buds of cannabis. Cannabis concentrates are a highly potent form and don’t contain unwanted plant material that assures getting the desired effects and a cloud of cleaner smoke.
The main types of weed concentrates are:
Wax / Budder
Kief / Dry Sift
- Cannabis Edibles
These are the cannabis-infused food items that contain THC. Marijuana edibles are a favorite of many due to the advantage of being able to take your medicine and enjoy it too.
Pot edibles are also known as cannabis edibles, the users who are looking for an alternative to smoking or vaping. This is for them to keep their lungs nice and clean. The cannabis edible products include:
- Weed Vapes
These are those kinds of stuff that is very popular nowadays and seen everywhere and known for replacing smoking. The main benefit of cannabis vapes is that they require little to no prep work, and zero clean-up time. This makes vaping one of the most convenient ways to take marijuana.
Weed vapes have 3 main parts Vape Cartridges, Vape Pens, and the E-Juice.
- CBD Products
For people who don’t want to get high but feel the cannabis, CBD products are perfect. This is non-psychoactive and encourages intoxicating effects normally associated with a cannabis product.
CBD Products include:
Best Place to Buy Cannabis or Weed in Canada
Now, we have sufficient information about Cannabis to use. But where to buy and which is the best cannabis dispensary in Canada, are confusing?
First, you need to decide whether to buy locally or online. The quicker option is the local dispensary, simply go and purchase right away, but the prices are often much higher in the local dispensary and also doesn’t have many options to buy. Also, you can shop 24×7, and can be delivered right to your door.
Also in remote areas, cannabis stores are not accessible, but only the dispensary will help you to receive weed anywhere in Canada. Many online dispensaries do weed delivery all across Canada.
Togoweed is one of the leading cannabis dispensaries in Canada. We have thousands of different marijuana strains to choose from. We also offer great deals and great discounts. Also, we have a reasonable price and guaranteed delivery. Also, we offer free shipping when you buy in bulk.
So, make Togoweed your regular go-to online dispensary in Canada and keep up to date with new cannabis products.